Phoenix is the capital, and largest city, in the state of Arizona, with the most populous state capital in the United States, as well as the sixth most populous city nationwide. Phoenix serves as the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan area, also known as the Valley of the Sun. The city has the 13th largest metro area by population in the United States, with approximately 4.3 million people. In addition, Phoenix is the county seat of Maricopa County and is one of the largest cities in the United States by land area.

Over the last several decades, Phoenix and its metropolitan areas attracted more growth and became a favored tourist destination for its exotic desert setting and recreational opportunities. Phoenix has maintained a growth streak in recent years, growing by 24.2% before 2007. This made it the second-fastest-growing metropolitan area in the United States, surpassed only by Las Vegas.

As with most of Arizona, Phoenix does not observe daylight saving time. The city has been divided into urban villages, many of which are based upon historically significant neighborhoods and communities that have since been annexed into Phoenix. Each village has a planning committee that is appointed directly by the city council.

Phoenix has a hot desert climate, typical of the Sonoran Desert in which it lies. Phoenix has long, very hot summers and short, mild winters. The climate is arid, with plenty of sunshine and clear skies. Average high temperatures in summer are the hottest of any major city in the United States, and the city has more days when the temperature exceeds 100 °F (38 °C) than any other city in the United States. The city averages over 330 days of sunshine, or over 90%, per year, and receives scant rainfall, the average annual total being 7 in. Precipitation is sparse during most of the year, but the monsoon brings an influx of moisture. Historically, the monsoon season officially starts June 15 and ends on September 30.

Due to its location in the Sonoran Desert, nearly all of the native desert fauna are occasionally found within Phoenix boundaries, but mostly in the suburbs and the remaining desert areas around the city. Mammal species that are found around the Phoenix area include coyote, javelina, bobcat, occasionally jaguar, mountain lion, desert cottontail rabbit, jackrabbit, antelope ground squirrel, mule deer, and a few species of bats that roost in and around the city.

Phoenix is also home to a plethora of native reptile species, including the Western diamondback rattlesnake, Sonoran sidewinder, several other types of rattlesnakes, Sonoran coral snake, dozens of species of non-venomous snakes, including the Sonoran gopher snake, and the California Kingsnake, the gila monster, desert spiny lizard, several types of whiptail lizards, the chuckwalla, desert horned lizard, Western banded gecko, Sonora mud turtle, and the desert tortoise.

The city has numerous performing arts venues, most of which are located in and around downtown Phoenix or Scottsdale. The Phoenix Symphony Hall is home to the Phoenix Symphony Orchestra, the Arizona Opera and Ballet Arizona. Dozens of museums exist throughout the valley. They include the Phoenix Art Museum, Arizona Capitol Museum, Arizona Military Museum, Hall of Flame Firefighting Museum, the Pueblo Grande Museum and Cultural Park, Children's Museum of Phoenix, Arizona Science Center, and the Heard Museum. In 2010 the Musical Instrument Museum opened their doors, featuring the biggest musical instrument collection in the world.

Phoenix is home to several professional sports franchises, and is one of only 12 U.S. cities to have representatives of all four major professional sports leagues, although only one of these teams actually carry the city name and two of them play within the city limits. The Arizona Cardinals are the oldest continuously run professional football franchise in the nation.

Phoenix is served by Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport, one of the ten busiest airports in the United States, serving over 110,000 people on over 1000 flights per day. The airport is centrally located in the metro area near several major freeway interchanges east of downtown Phoenix. The airport serves more than 100 cities with non-stop flights.

Phoenix ranks first in the nation in the quality of its urban freeways, and the state as a whole ranks first in the nation in the quality of bridges. While being the sixth most populous city in the nation, Phoenix's freeways do not suffer from the same type of congestion seen in other large cities. In fact, in a recent study, there is not a single stretch of freeway in Phoenix ranked in the 100 worst freeways for either congestion or unreliability.


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Provided for INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY. This is not a commitment to lend, not all borrowers will qualify. All loans are subject to credit approval and eligibility. Terms are subject to change. Insurance rates may vary. The Tenura Home Center is a facility operated by Tenura Holdings, Inc. Real estate services are provided through Tenura Holdings, Inc.'s respective affiliates: Reliant Title Agency, LLC; AmeriFirst Insurance Agency, LLC; AmeriPro Funding, Inc. (NMLS#131699); and Privatus, LLC. Tenura is a federally registered (#4237051) service mark of Tenura Holdings, Inc., 8300 N. Mopac Expressway, Suite 220, Austin, Texas 78759. Equal Housing Lender.

Based on information from the Austin Board of REALTORS® (alternatively, from ACTRIS) from January 25th, 2016 at 12:15pm CST. Neither the Board nor ACTRIS guarantees or is in any way responsible for its accuracy. The Austin Board of REALTORS®, ACTRIS and their affiliates provide the MLS and all content therein "AS IS" and without any warranty, express or implied. Data maintained by the Board or ACTRIS may not reflect all real estate activity in the market.

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